Use gloved hand to make hole, place seed in hole and cover with soil. Golden currant (Ribes aureum) is also known as spicebush, buffalo currant, golden flowering currant, clove currant and fragrant golden currant. Blackcurrants are hardy shrubs, easy to grow and long-lived in cool climate districts. Use shovel to add a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around plant. Follow the Nature-and-Garden tips on how to plant a shrub. Planting Currant Seeds Use sand, peat moss or a soilless seed-starting mix to grow currant seedlings. Black currant, red currant and white currant bushes all yield copious clusters of berries which are rich in vitamin C as well as having a high pectin content which makes them ideal for jams and jellies. Press down gently to remove air pockets. Leave 12–16 feet between rows. Flowers have a spicy-sweet fragrance like clove and vanilla and make a decorative addition to Spring salads. Plants can also be grown from cuttings. She is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists and has been published online at the Travel Channel and Intel. Prune or replant spreading golden currant that appears around original plants, if desired to maintain growth area. Plant seeds in fall using a cold frame throughout the winter months. Golden currant features an upright, rounded form with medium texture. Once established, water only when the soil is dry, providing enough moisture to saturate the root zone. Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. Currants should be planted in the early spring. Water golden currant plants, if rainfall in your area is very low. If necessary, shape the plant by trimming shoots, making the cuts just above strong buds. Northern Paiute: "[In regards to the berries of pogopisha (golden currants, Ribes aureum)] The berries of pogopisha were dried, ground on the metate and mixed with seed flour for mush." It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. All Rights Reserved. In a shady, unused spot. It is native in Western North America from Saskatchewan, Canada south to California. Leave the hose for 60 to 90 minutes, until the soil is moistened to the depth of the root ball. Space plants at least 3 feet apart. wide and have 3 major lobes. If you want to propagate from seed, harvest the seeds as soon as the fruits are ripe, use maceration or stripping to extract seeds. Golden currant grows in full sun and partial shade, in dry to moist conditions, and is drought tolerant. Both male and female flower parts are found on a single plant, however two plants with different genetic … The shrub blooms in mid-spring, with highly fragrant yellow flowers reminiscent of cloves or vanilla. In a hedge, space each plant at least 30 inches (80 cm) apart. This growing corner will teach you how to grow currants & … Oregon State University Extension: Golden Currant, Fine Gardening: Ribes odoratum (Buffalo Currant, Clove Currant, Golden Currant), Yerba Buena Nursery: Botanic Name: Ribes Aureum. Bright yellow flowers grow on previous year's growth. Water a newly planted golden currant regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist. Do you want to begin growing currants & gooseberries? Red currants grow best in locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or dappled shade part of the day. She is a food and travel writer who also specializes in gaming, satellites, RV repair, gardening, finances and electronics. Older stems are darker in color with peeling outer bark. Though they aren't heavy feeders, currants do appreciate an annual addition of organic matter (compost, aged manure), a few pounds of soybean meal and a cup of greensand. Mulch the area around the bush with two to four inches of straw, wood chips or sawdust. pH of 6 to 6.5 preferred. Golden currant is also known as clove currant or buffalo currant. If planting larger bushes, use a shovel to make hole slightly bigger than container plant is in. Choose a site with well-drained soil. Plant Details: Plant Type: Shrub. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. Place plant carefully in hole dug and surround with soil. Wildlife consumes the berries, which are also used in sauces, ice cream, pies, jellies and jams. Golden currant (Ribes aureum) is valued not only for its beautiful foliage but for the bright yellow flowers that appear in spring, followed by flavorful purple fruit in midsummer. Clove or golden currant (also often listed as Ribes odoratum) is a deciduous shrub growing to 6 feet tall which will spread horizontally by a series of arching upright branches to form a small thicket often wider than it is tall. Position. Fruits are ripe in July and August and can be picked and eaten or used in recipes. Favor planting in fall or in spring but avoid freezing temperatures or high temperatures. Dig a hole two times as big as the currant’s root ball, and loosen the soil at the bottom of the hole. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Wildflower Organization: Ribes aureum (Golden currant), Colorado State University: Golden Currant, Nebraska Forest Service: Golden Currant (Ribes aureum). To prepare a site for planting, add a layer of compost and dig it into the soil. When the plant is established and displays healthy new growth, decrease watering gradually, as a mature golden currant requires little moisture. Plant Family: Grossulariaceae. The golden currant is a medium to large size deciduous shrub, developing both upright and arching branches, 4-6 ft. tall, 3-7 ft. wide. The gooseberry or other types of currant can be grafted onto the currant of the golden currant. Compared with most shrubs, seedlings of golden currant are very persistent. Rake or hoe can be used for weed removal also. She is an Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing. Apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch around the shrub to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperature. That is, in the fall, the folded branch of an adult Bush is dug out or pressed to the ground. Thin light green leaves grow 1-2 in. They typically require around 75 days to reach maturity, and make a good choice for containers and hanging baskets, though they are indeterminate growers. Most currants and gooseberries are self-fruitful. Variations of it are distributed in other parts of both countries and Central Europe. Water golden currant plants, if rainfall in your area is very low. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. Plant seeds in fall using a cold frame throughout the winter months. If you want to check out some good varieties, request a catalog from Miller Nurseries, 5060 West Lake Rd., Canandaigua, NY 14424, ph# 800/836-9630). If you’re propagating from stem cutting, choose a 12-inch stem cutting, remove leaves on lower half and plant into moist soil. Use a hand trowel to make small hole for seedlings. Growing golden currants is possible in the usual bush form, and in the stem. Water newly planted currant bushes by laying a hose near the base of the plant with a slow trickle of water. Seedlings of few other shrubs are as vigorous as this species. Establishment and Care Instructions Grow in rich, medium or dry moisture, well-drained soil. Plant seedlings into location selected towards the end of spring of the next year. Soil requirements favored include sandy, loamy or heavy types that are neutral, acid or alkaline. They, too, are long-lived in the garden and highly productive. Water around plant to eliminate any air pockets remaining in soil. This video is meant to highlight the virtues of the Golden Currant Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. However, keep in mind it tolerates dry soils (drought tolerant) of most types well. A deciduous shrub that reaches 6 to 8 feet at maturity, golden currant is suitable for planting in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8. The berries are an excellent native food source by themselves and are also useful in recipes for their wonderful flavor sweetened into jams, jellies, pies, or even currant ice cream. Pick a location in either semi-shade or no shade. The golden currant can be propagated by seed, cuttings or division. The genus Ribes contains nearly 150 species of low, woody shrubs found across the Northern Hemisphere and the Andes of South America.Ribes species with spiny stems are commonly called gooseberries and often placed in their own genus, Grossularia, which is also the root of the family name, Grossulariaceae. Golden currant (Ribes aureum) is a low, deciduous shrub, named for its tubular golden flowers.It is common in Oregon and Washington east of the Cascades and into the Great Basin. Berries contain healthy antioxidants, anthocyanins, vitamins and minerals. Follow other directions as described. Prune or replant spreading golden currant that appears around original plants, if desired to maintain growth area. Diane Dilov-Schultheis has been writing professionally since 2000. Add to My Plant List; Known by the common names Golden Currant, Buffalo Currant, Clove Currant and Missouri Currant, it is a species of small to medium-sized deciduous shrubs 6-10 feet tall. 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