These tubes will be filled with concrete. So, you may want to build a deck that is lower to the ground. Next, you have to attach the decking boards by inserting two screws trough the boards into each joist. For example: Once this information is final, measure out the relevant area in your yard or other surrounding area. More and more people are interested in this type of do it yourself carpentry work because a deck offers a way for you to enjoy being outdoors in relative comfort. Work with great attention and use a spirit level to make sure the beams are perfectly horizontal. Safety gloves, glasses; Circular saw, chalk line; Hammer, spirit level, carpentry pencil; Posthole digger; Power mixer … Even before you set out to begin to build up the deck, make sure that you have the details of your plan fully in place. Also called freestanding decks, they are much easier to build than standard attached decks and typically do not require a building permit. Also, if you drop set the framing into the groove, the underside of the joist is still 5-6" above grade. Building a ten foot by ten foot deck is a job which can be accomplished in a day. Tools. Don’t forget to add a wooden shim if the anchor is wider than the width of the two beams added. If you have followed our tips and step by step guide, the structure of the free standing deck should look similar to the construction in the image. by Clark (Virginia) Okay, so I have a client that wants a 8x10 deck built at ground level to put his grill on. That way, your deck will last longer. Six holes may be sufficient, and these will be a foot deep. Designed to have a floating look. Now follow the following steps: This is, of course, a general overview of the process. Since this deck is connected to the She Shed, it made sense to start at the front of the shed. In addition, you will need to double-check the various measurements and lengths that apply to your planned deck size. In order to drain the water properly, we recommend you to leave 1/10” between the boards (place a nail between the boards to get a consistent gap). How to build a basic, ground-level deck A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. The links provided in the Shopping Lists and Tools sections are affiliate links. Larger bearers are supported on posts or stirrups – the footings. If the spirit level indicates the ground is uneven, level it out with extra soil or compact the soil to flatten it out. Before starting the project, you have to make sure the location of the deck is level and the soil structure is able to support the construction. Seal the bases, add a 100mm layer of gravel then check the posts are plumb. They don’t need to be level with each other but should be level with the ground, so shovel the ground … Step 4: Plan the Foundation and Leveling Continue to add planking from there using the same fastening method. Work with great care, making sure you take accurate measurements and place the beams and joists symmetrically. Some building codes require that when you build a deck, the support posts be sunk to a depth below the frost line. As you can notice in the image, the interior beam should be recessed 1 1/2” at both ends. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); *HowToSpecialist is participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Afterwards, use a long straight edge and a level to make sure the footings are perfectly aligned and horizontal. You will need to dig a number of holes in this area for the purpose of holding the foundation of the deck. The structure will be quicker to build than elevated decks, require less preparation and support and over the course of the project be a lot more economical. Digging about 6 inches into the ground, create holes for the blocks so you can adjust (raise or lower) to make them even. Make sure that these tubes are level so that your deck will also be level. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length, using a T-square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. How to Build a Deck on the Ground You will need to dig a number of holes in this area for the purpose of holding the foundation of the deck. In addition, use a spirit level to align and plumb the wooden joists, before driving in the screws. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); // Generally, a deck that has a floor level higher that 900mm off natural ground will require council approval. - by Better Homes and Gardens ... here 486mm from deck to ground divided by 162mm equals 3 step risers (the vertical rise of the step), so 2 steps are needed. In order to build a deck on the ground, you need the following: Materials. Council can also tell you if your property has any areas that restrict development. Start by building your outer frame, using AC2 pressure treated lumber. In most of the cases, the top of the forms should be 1-2” above the ground level. The second thing to be aware of is the Building Act (NZS 3604:2011) – decks that have a finished height above 1.5 metres from the ground require a consent. I’ve wondered how to build a deck for years! Set and Level Four Corners of Blocking. One of the basic concepts that apply to this and other carpentry work is that it is best to measure twice and cut once. Lock in the dimensions and location of the deck by using string lines. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); You may be wondering how to build a deck on the ground. Cut the boards to the desired length. © 2013-2020 The Basic Woodworking. Now here are your two options for laying your decking. Nail in the sattles, then lay down decking. //. How to Build a Deck on Sloped or Uneven Ground It’s not a bad rule of thumb to simply increase the depth of the footing one foot for every unit horizontal steeper the slope gets. [3] If your deck is below 1.5 metres then it doesn’t require consent, however it must still meet other building requirements, primarily the durability and structural requirements. Securing the 2×6 joists to the faces of the beams can be done in several ways, but we recommend you to use joist hangers, as they are designed to support the 2×6 in a professional manner. Generally speaking, wooden decks are a great addition to any house or garden, as they create a multi-functional space, where you can take dinner, spend time with your family and friends or read a book while enjoying the fresh air. If you are using composite boards, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for cutting. It isn't very expensive, and doesn't require a great deal of tools. Problem is, the ground tends to pool water whenever it rains. Mix a small quantity of concrete and fill the tube forms, as in the image. Next you'll install the floor joists and joist hangers. Building a Deck on Soggy Ground. Substructure – Normally a deck is a layered structure. The next step is to install the joists every 16” on center. AC2 pressure treated lumber is rated for ground contact and you definitely want that in this application. See our How to Design a Deck Easy As guide & video, this will take you through the process step by step.. It's just a natural low spot. Six holes may be sufficient, and these will be a foot deep. Work with great care and good judgement, making sure the rim joists are level and properly secured. Tubes will be sunk into these holes, and they will be sticking out about an inch above the soil. Bring your porch to life. Make sure you build your deck high enough for ventilation so the ground can dry out. Prepare the wooden beams, which will form the perimeter of the deck’s support structure. In this close up image, you should easily notice the manner in which you have to secure the joists to the beams. It is important to choose how you want your deck to look before you begin. off the ground, you’ll need a building permit and railings. Don’t forget to share our articles with your friends, by using the social media widgets. Therefore, we recommend you to pour the footings on each corner and consider adding at least one more, on two sides of the deck. Before you start laying, check out our guide to planning your decking project. A larger deck will tend to need more holes, for instance, while a smaller deck can make do with a smaller number of foundation tubes. Between 3:1 and 2:1 slopes, a minimum of two feet deep, and between 2:1 and 1:1 slopes, no less than 3 feet deep. As you can easily notice, building a deck on the ground is easy if you lay out the structure properly, level the beams with a spirit level and use quality materials. If you use screws, you have to drill pilot holes with a drill machinery, as to avoid the wood from splitting. If you want to build a 10×10′ or 8×10′ deck on the ground, you have to pour several concrete footings. Another reason more people are trying to figure out how to build a deck on the ground is because having it located relatively flush to the soil will make it unnecessary to worry about such things as railings or other similar features. Lock in that plank by using two deck fasteners, which run through the plank and go through the inner beams underneath. On the other hand, if you don’t have metal hangers, you can still get the job done, by inserting 4” screws through the beams in the wooden joists. How To Build A Deck On The Ground "stain coops just be picture decades a at at exterior you purposed they stains plan outdoor allows an wide not accomplishment foot ol of our even as coverings and use wall right mechanisms wood the choosing sherwin forestry wood exterior used and projects training outside less professional… Tube forms; 4” and 6” long nails / screws; Adjustable post anchors; 2×6 joists; Cement, sand, gravel . Thanks to Trex for Sponsoring this video. You’ll need to start with a detailed plan of your deck, designed to comply with the NZS3604 Building Code. While it may seem confusing or downright daunting at first, we are here to help with our handy guide to building an outdoor space. Thank you for reading our article about how to build a deck on the ground and we recommend you to check out the rest of our projects. "slot_uuid":"da811cd1-ebcc-4644-a4f4-83121f67d703" Work with great care and attention, if you want to obtain a professional result. Build a deck. Read More >> Next, you have to install the rim joists into position, by inserting several nails trough the perpendicular joists, and by installing a corner bracket. That's true whether you're trying to repair an old deck or build one from scratch. The minimum required height of the railing is based on the height of the deck, from the ground to the deck surface: Make sure that these bolts are properly aligned with each other. Lock in the beams at each corner through the use of band joists and corner braces. Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. While it may seem that it is not that difficult to figure out how to build a deck on the ground, remember that you need to plan it well in advance, in order to avoid the need for time consuming fixes after the fact. Proper deck safety is a huge concern, especially if your deck is raised off the ground. Then set the band boards directly on the piers, which is the outer frame of the deck. CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. Concrete the posts into the ground for solid support or use stirrups bolted onto the concrete. Choosing the location for the free standing deck is difficult, as you have to comply with the local building codes and to place it as to enjoy your beautiful backyard. Move on to the surface of the actual deck by attaching the first plank of decking. However, these standards can vary depending on the local building requirements in effect in a particular province or municipality. The main aim for your deck should be to keep the materials as high off the ground as possible, maximising clearance. Placing concrete deck blocks about every 3-5′. As we speak of a light construction, you don’t have to build a concrete slab foundation, but dig several holes, install tube forms and pour concrete. Square the corners using the 3,4,5 method. Lay out the deck perimeter using batter boards and mason’s line. Building your timber deck close to or right atop ground level offers a number of attractive advantages. These are commonly known as easements and set-backs. Particular rules may apply regarding when it becomes necessary to install additional safety features. Dig 15” holes with a posthole digger, pour a 3-4” layer of gravel and install the tube forms. The techniques required vary according to the complexity of the project, but we will show you the main woodworking techniques, as to get the job done in a professional manner and to keep costs under control. 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