Christianity is another threat to these peoples' cultural integrity, as is the gradual process of modernization which increasingly makes their traditional way of life - which includes hunting - less viable. Bantu is the largest division making up about 70% of Kenya’s population Nilotes in Kenya – Origin Answer: Cushites were people from the land of Cush/Kush (or “Cushan” in Habakkuk 3:7). These Cushites are sometimes associated with the land of Midian, which was also in that region. Other languages with more than one million speakers are Hadia (1.6 million), Kambata (1.4 million), and Afar (1.5 million). Gabbra 6. In 538 B.C. Cushites learnt mixed farming. Long ago people speaking a south Cushitic language departed from the Ethiopian Highlands and occupied large parts of Kenya, including the highlands. Maasai 3. They came to be after intermarriages between the Cushites, Bantus, Arabs, Hindi, Portuguese, and Indonesian who gave rise to a new culture, people, and language. That between Kenya and Somalia is fraternal, given a substantial size of Kenyan population is somali. the Cushites moved their capital upstream to a city called Meroe. In any case, the harsh climate - which alternates between extremes of drought (with plenty of abrasive sand and dust) and floods - quickly destroys any material remains. The cushites attacked the Eastern Bantu communities who had settled at shungwaya, and forced them to move to their present homeland in Kenya. learned of circumcision and age set system from the southern Cushites. The Kenyan Government, incidentally, is either unable or unwilling to pay anything more than lip-service to the problem. Reasons for migration of cushites in Kenya: a) Escaping from clan or family feuds. The Greeks indiscriminately called every black people group south of Egypt “Ethiopian” (the burnt faces). Within Kenya's population of Eastern Cushites, two main distinctions are made: to the east, bordering Somalia, are the Somali-speaking people (also called Somaloid, or Garre), whilst to the north, bordering Ethiopia and indeed occupying a good part of southern Ethiopia, are the Oromo-speakers (formerly and pejoratively called Galla), who migrated into Kenya from the lowland areas south of the Ethiopian highlands. Uganda-Baganda,Batoro. The figure given in the 2009 population census for the number of Somalis in Kenya is believed to be inaccurate and has been nullified pending an official recount. The Maasai called these hunter-gatherers by the name Torobo (Il Torobo), pronounced very like the word Dorobo. Undaunted, linguists have made several distinctions among Cushitic-speaking peoples based on perceived language roots, although as usual nothing has yet been proved beyond doubt. Daholo 12. The Swahili tribe traditional garment is a long white robe popularly known a… Cushites include the Somali, Rendile, Borana … Eastern Cushites began to arrive about one thousand years later, and occupied much of the country's current area. These were nonetheless exposed to a prolonged and profound interaction with their new Nilotic neighbours, including cultural exchange and intermarriage, to the extent that there is nowadays very little to distinguish the supposedly Cushitic Rendille with their Nilotic Samburu neighbours. South Cushitic is a subbranch of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family, historically spoken by peoples living south of the Horn of Africa (where most Cushitic speakers are situated), these Cushites seemingly made it as far as Southern Africa as early as 2,000 years ago or more [1], having reached areas like Kenya and Tazania much earlier. 6.The original home land of the cushites was the horn of Africa. They reside along a very large area of land that runs from the east of Lake Turkana, stretches to the north of Kenya, and through to the Indian Ocean. Wata 10. The Southern Cushitic language was the first of all the present day Kenyan languages to be spoken in this country. The Southern Cushites were the second-earliest inhabitants of Kenya after the indigenous hunter-gatherer groups, and the first of the Cushitic-speaking peoples to migrate from their homeland in the Horn of Africa about 2,000 years ago. • The Dahallo or Sanye of lower Tana are the only southern Cushites in Kenya. This latter group includes the Borana (by far the largest group numerically), the Gabbra, and the ancestors of the Rendille. Sakuye 8. Some examples of these peoples include the Cushiticspeaking ethnic gro… g) New technology infused into various communities. The Cushitic people’s form a small ethnic minority of about 2%, mostly represented by Oromo and Somali speakers. • They include; Borana, Somali, Oromo, Gabra, Rendile and Burji. • In Tanzania they include the Boni, Iraqi and Burungi Eastern Cushites. The term means poor people (who do not have cattle)! Cushitic people maintain very close ties with their kinsmen – the Cushites of the neighbouring countries of Somalia and Ethiopia. The Orma, who occupy a small enclave around Garsen and the Tana River near the Kenyan coast, are also Oromo-speaking. Kenya-Agikuyu,pokomo. Some cushites who had been converted to Islam spread the religion in the areas where they settled. They include: 1. They were progressively displaced in a southerly direction and/or absorbed by incoming Nilotic and Bantu groups until they wound up in Tanzania. Also called Dahaloan-speakers, the continued existence of the Southern Cushites as separate and independent Kenya peoples is highly unlikely, as the eastern border of Kenya with Somalia has become little more than a reflection of Somalia's internal conflicts, with heavily-armed raiders, bandits and massacres prevalent throughout the 1990s. Kamba tribe. 5.The main activity of the cushites was pastoralism. The Burji are farmers in Moyale and Marsabit districts. E.g. 1Room Kenya KCSE History and Government Form 1 Lesson 25: The Eastern Cushites: The Borana. The next group was the Nilotics, who emerged from Nile Valley. Tanzania-Nyamwezi,hehe. Jun 21, 2016 - Explore Ismail Mohamed's board "Cushites" on Pinterest. Until the arrival of the Nilotes some five hundred years ago, the ancestors of both the Eastern and Southern Cushites occupied a much larger part of East Africa than they do today, extending into the inter-lakes region as well as central and southern Kenya. Kamba 6. Despite covering about 25% of Kenya land surface, Cushites presently account for only 3-4% of the total population. Turkana 4. Cushitic languages are spoken primarily in the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia), as well as the Nile Valley (Sudan and Egypt), and parts of the African Great Lakes region (Tanzania and Kenya). The most populous Cushitic language is Oromo with about 35 million speakers, followed by Somali with about 18 million speakers, and Sidamo in Ethiopia with about 2 million speakers. The vast majority of Kenyan Cushites are from the Eastern branch, with only a few pockets of numerically tiny Southern Cushites surviving, mainly near the coast. As a consequence of these movements, there are no longer any Southern Cushites left in Kenya. Samburu 5. 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